What is Patta?

A Patta certificate is a critical document in India that records the ownership details of land and property. Here are some specific details that a patta typically includes about a property:

  1. Owner’s Name: The patta will list the name of the owner or owners of the property.

  2. Patta Number: Each patta is assigned a unique number which helps in identifying and retrieving the document from land records.

  3. Survey Number: This number is crucial as it provides the exact location of the property within the village or locality, aiding in its geographical identification.

  4. Area of the Land: The patta specifies the total area of the land, usually measured in hectares or acres.

  5. Tax Details: It includes details about the tax assessments that are relevant to the property.

  6. Type of Land: The patta will detail the type of land, whether it is agricultural, residential, commercial, or otherwise.

  7. Location with Boundaries: The document often contains a detailed description of the property’s location, including its boundaries.

These details in the patta are used to confirm legal ownership and are necessary for any transactions involving the land, such as sales, transfers, or legal disputes. It is also used by government authorities for administrative purposes, including taxation.


what is Patta Chitta Registration?

“Patta Chitta” registration refers to the process of obtaining two essential land-related documents in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. These documents are crucial for the legal verification of land ownership and its specific characteristics. Here’s a breakdown of each component:

  1. Patta: As previously discussed, a patta is a land revenue record which acts as a land title document. It provides proof of ownership and includes information about the owner, the patta number, and details about the land such as its area, location, and tax details.

  2. Chitta: This document is issued by the Village Administrative Officer (VAO) and the Taluk office. It contains details about the land’s size, ownership, and use (whether the land is used for agricultural purposes or as a building site). It also categorizes the land based on its nature—wetland (nanjai) or dryland (punjai).

Patta Chitta Registration Process

To register for a Patta Chitta or to transfer it when buying new property, one typically has to follow these steps:

  • Application: The applicant must fill out an application form, which is usually available online on the Tamil Nadu government’s official land records website or at the respective Taluk office.

  • Documentation: The applicant needs to provide necessary documents, which may include proof of property ownership (like sale deed), encumance certificate, and identity proof.

  • Submission and Verification: After submitting the application and the documents, the revenue department officials will verify the details against their existing land records.

  • Issuance of Patta Chitta: Once verified, the patta chitta will be issued to the landowner. This document can be used as legal evidence of land ownership.

Purpose and Importance

Patta Chitta registration is important for:

  • Establishing legal ownership of the property.
  • Serving as an essential document for property transactions, including sales, inheritance, and loans.
  • Aiding in court matters related to land disputes.


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