What is the difference between fssai registration and licensing?


The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is the governing body responsible for ensuring food safety and regulating the food industry in India. It plays a crucial role in safeguarding public health by setting up standards for food products and ensuring that they are met by all food businesses. Two essential aspects that food businesses need to adhere to are FSSAI registration and FSSAI licensing. In this blog, we will delve into the differences between FSSAI registration and licensing, their significance, and the criteria for obtaining each.

1. FSSAI Registration:

FSSAI registration is the initial step for all food businesses in India. It is a basic requirement for small-scale food businesses, including startups, small eateries, home-based food businesses, food stalls, and caterers. The purpose of registration is to ensure that these businesses meet the basic hygiene and safety standards before they begin their operations. Here are the key aspects of FSSAI registration:

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1.1. Applicability: Go to the Website https://foodlicenceonline.com/ FSSAI registration is mandatory for all food businesses that have an annual turnover of up to Rs. 12 lakhs. Businesses with turnover above this limit are required to obtain an FSSAI license instead.

1.2. Process: The process of FSSAI registration is relatively straightforward. Business owners can apply for registration online or offline by submitting the necessary documents and fees. After successful verification, the FSSAI issues a registration certificate.

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1.3. Validity: FSSAI registration is typically valid for one to five years, depending on the preference of the food business operator. Renewal of the registration is required before its expiration to continue operations legally.

1.4. Scope: FSSAI registration is limited to local or municipal areas and does not permit businesses to operate across state borders.

1.5. Requirements: The requirements for FSSAI registration include basic information about the business, its location, the type of food products it deals with, and the production capacity. Additionally, the applicant needs to provide a declaration of adherence to the Food Safety and Standards Act’s guidelines.

1.6. Display of License: Once the registration is obtained, the food business must display the FSSAI logo and registration number on its food product packages.

2. FSSAI Licensing

FSSAI licensing is a more comprehensive and stringent process applicable to medium to large-scale food businesses. It is categorized into two types: State License and Central License. The licensing process aims to ensure that larger food businesses comply with more robust food safety measures and meet higher standards due to the scale and complexity of their operations. Here are the key aspects of FSSAI licensing:

2.1. Applicability: Food businesses with an annual turnover of more than Rs. 12 lakhs are required to obtain an FSSAI license. Additionally, certain types of food businesses, regardless of their turnover, are required to apply for a license. These businesses include manufacturers, importers, exporters, 100% export-oriented units, large-scale retailers, and those operating across state borders.

2.2. Process: The process of obtaining an FSSAI license involves a more detailed application, documentation, and inspection by FSSAI officials. The officials assess the business’s infrastructure, quality control measures, and overall compliance with food safety regulations.

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2.3. Validity: FSSAI licenses are generally issued for a period of one to five years. Like FSSAI registration, the license must be renewed before its expiry to continue operating legally.

2.4. Scope: The FSSAI license allows businesses to operate across state borders and even engage in import and export activities related to food products.

2.5. Requirements: The requirements for obtaining an FSSAI license are more stringent than registration. Businesses need to provide detailed information about their premises, equipment, quality control measures, food safety management system, recall plan, and more. Additionally, they must comply with specific regulations for their respective categories, such as manufacturers, importers, and exporters.

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2.6. Display of License: Once the FSSAI license is granted, the food business must prominently display the FSSAI logo and license number on its food product packages.


In summary, both FSSAI registration and licensing are critical components of the Indian food safety regulatory system. FSSAI registration is the initial step and is mandatory for small-scale food businesses with an annual turnover of up to Rs. 12 lakhs. It is relatively simple and allows businesses to operate within local or municipal areas.

On the other hand, FSSAI licensing is essential for medium to large-scale food businesses, regardless of their turnover. It is a more detailed and comprehensive process that ensures higher standards of food safety compliance. FSSAI licensing allows businesses to operate across state borders and engage in import and export activities.

Whether it is registration or licensing, adherence to FSSAI guidelines is crucial for maintaining the highest standards of food safety and protecting public health. Food business operators must prioritize food safety and take the necessary steps to obtain the appropriate FSSAI certification, depending on the scale and nature of their operations.

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1. Q: What is FSSAI registration, and how does it differ from licensing?
A: FSSAI registration and licensing are both essential compliance requirements for food-related businesses in India. FSSAI registration is mandatory for most small-scale food businesses, while licensing is required for medium and large-scale businesses. The key difference lies in the scale and scope of operations.

2. Q: Who needs to obtain FSSAI registration?
A: FSSAI registration is applicable to businesses with an annual turnover of up to ₹12 lakhs. This includes small-scale food manufacturers, distributors, retailers, and transporters. It is designed for businesses with limited operations and a localized reach.

3. Q: When is an FSSAI license required?
A: An FSSAI license is necessary for businesses with an annual turnover exceeding ₹12 lakhs. This includes medium to large-scale food manufacturers, storage facilities, importers, and exporters. The licensing process is more comprehensive and involves stricter compliance standards.

4. Q: Are there any specific differences in the application process for registration and licensing?
A: Yes, the application processes differ for registration and licensing. FSSAI registration is a relatively simpler process involving basic documentation and verification, whereas obtaining an FSSAI license requires more detailed documentation, food safety management plans, and inspections.

5. Q: What are the consequences of operating without FSSAI registration or license?
A: Operating a food business without the necessary FSSAI registration or license is a violation of the law. The consequences can range from fines to imprisonment, depending on the severity of the offense. Additionally, it can lead to the closure of the business and damage its reputation in the market.

Remember, complying with FSSAI regulations is crucial for ensuring the safety and quality of food products and maintaining consumer confidence in your business. If you’re unsure about whether you need to register or obtain a license, it’s best to consult with an FSSAI expert or a legal advisor to avoid any non-compliance issues.

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